Community-Tailored Interventions for COVID-19

Last Updated: November 23, 2020

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This Briefing Note was completed by the Research, Analysis, and Evaluation Branch (Ministry of Health).

Purpose

This note summarizes research evidence on community-tailored interventions for COVID-19.

*The full version of the Briefing Note including the Supporting Evidence can be accessed in the PDF file at the top of the page*

Key Findings

The literature search identified 61 systematic reviews, reviews, or studies that suggest the following interventions are important for successful outbreak control:

Analysis for Ontario

In terms of evidence on job protection, the Government of Ontario’s Employment Standards Act (2000) was amended to include an unpaid, job-protected infectious disease emergency leave for employees that is retroactive to January 25, 2020. The Act stipulates that employers cannot require employees to provide medical notes to prove they are eligible for the leave.

Supporting Evidence

This section summarizes the findings of 59 articles from the scientific literature (i.e., systematic reviews, reviews, single studies) and the grey literature on community-tailored interventions for COVID-19, including:

  • Eviction moratoriums and COVID-19 transmission;
  • Adjustments to sick leave practices;
  • Association between increased testing and decreased epidemic growth;
  • Protections against firing employees declining to work when ill;
  • Job protection;
  • Messaging and communication;
  • Provision of support and interventions through community agencies;
  • Community-based local testing strategies; and
  • Case management practices and adherence to public health interventions

*The full version of the Supporting Evidence can be accessed in the PDF file at the top of the page*